Residential HVAC

Residential HVAC: Standard Split Systems

In our previous post about conventional HVAC systems,  we gave a brief introduction to the terms you may hear when it comes to the most common types of residential HVAC system.  This week we thought we would delve a little deeper into the first of the four common systems to give you some further insight.

Standard split systems

The standard split system is considered to be the most popular when it comes to residential HVAC systems. It's made up of two components. One inside your property and one outside. These components can be split to meet your needs for your particular climate.

Furnace and air conditioner component

It uses refrigerant as the heat exchange fluid through copper lines, which means that a copper evaporator coil that is installed inside the furnace cabinet does lots of the hard work.  The furnace is commonly a gas furnace and they can range in efficiency, which means this type of system is versatile to meet the demands of your location climate. 

Air handler and heat pump

If you live in a location where freezing temperatures are pretty rare then this could be the ideal HVAC system. They don't have an air conditioner to do the cooling work and a furnace to get the heat going. Instead, the system uses a heat pump to do both jobs. A heat pump is clever because it can work in reverse! It's almost identical to an air conditioner, but if the weather turns chilly the air handler within the unit can be reversed and used in place of a furnace

Furnace and heat pump

If you live where the climate is very cold, then this option might be recommended. It has two sources of heat. When the weather is chilly (or moderately cold) then the heat pump will provide the heat source. If its getting to freezing then the system will kick in the furnace to give it that extra warmth.

We hope this has given you a little more of an insight into just one of the most common residential HVAC systems. In our next post we'll be looking at ductless split systems and then to follow we'll also share with you more information about packaged systems and geothermal systems.

If you would like to speak to an HVAC contractor in Culpeper, VA about your own system requirements, then why not contact us for more information.